|Original Hampton's Battery F
|HAMPTON BATTERY F
|CAPTAIN ROBERT B. HAMPTON
|Captain Robert B. Hampton began recruiting in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania for his Independent Light
Artillery Battery. Hampton's Battery F was mustered into service on October 8th, 1861 and issued six
model 1861 Parrott Rifle cannons. Battery F was mustered out of service in Pittsburgh June 26th, 1865.
Captain Hampton's Battery F was referred to during the Civil War, as the "Pittsburgh Battery".
A detachment from the Battery was selected as Honor Guard to lead President Lincoln's funeral procession
from the White House to the train that carried his coffin back to Springfield, Illinois for burial. Captain
Hampton died in the Civil War at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
|Lieutenant Edward Geary, Son of
Lieutenant Edward Gary from Salem, Westmoreland County, was voted to offer its command to him by
the Battery in October of 1863. Captain Geary was only 18 years old when he was named Commander
of Hampton's Battery F. His father General John Geary carried his promotion to him in the field when
the Midnight Battle of Wauhatchie Tennessee which occurred on Oct. 29th, 1863. General Geary found
his lifeless son among the scattered cannons and battered limbers and caissons and many teams of dead
horses in their harness. There where many other dead, none of which attracted his attention, but his son.
Captain Geary was never officially mustered into the unit, but the Battery survivors, however, had his
name inscribed on the Hampton Monument located on the North Side of Pittsburgh Pennsylvania
(formerly Allegheny City, Pennsylvania.)
|CAPTAIN JAMES THOMPSON
James Thompson was born in Down, Ireland, May 8th, 1821. He enlisted in the Royal Regiment
Artillery and was a gunner and driver. June 30th, 1856 James was discharged from Great Britain's Royal
Artillery and soon after immigrated to the United States.
James decided to settle in Allegheny, Pennsylvania with his family and on October 9th, 1856 his
fourth child was born. On September 24th, 1861 Captain Thompson was mustered into the Union Army
and began recruiting for his Battery. July 29th, 1863 Captain James Thompson became a full citizen of
the United States.
October 7th, 1882 at the Twenty-first Anniversary of Hampton Battery Veteran Association, Captain
James Thompson was elected honorary member of the Association.
After the battle of Chancellorsville, the two Pennsylvania Independent Light Artillery Batteries C and F
were simply reorganized to form a six gun battery of 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. This was due to the depleted
number of men and equipment of both batteries. Captain Thompson as senior officer in grade, would
command both batteries after the death of Captain Hampton at Chancellorsville. This consolidation
lasted nearly one year till both batteries where reequipped and the ranks filled.
Capt. James Thompson had a battery of three–inch Ordnance Rifles that represented a temporary and
“not altogether happy union between two Pittsburgh batteries” - Thompson’s Battery and Capt. Robert B
Hampton’s Battery F of the Independent Pennsylvania Light Artillery.
To learn more read McLaws Strikes the Peach Orchard page 311 in the book Gettysburg – The Second
Day by Harry W. Pfanz. Also information taken from a Gettysburg Battle Field Tour Guide.
|Click on Books to Open
|History by William Clark
|Note Book of Sergeant John C. Shaler "Center Section"
|Portion of Sergeant Shaler Note Book
Roster of his name and rank found in the book, History of Hampton Battery F
|Oct. 1, 1862 Wednesday are encamped on Capitol Hill Washington City. The morning is clear and cool. Have been
quite sick for some time. Received a box from home containing flannels, books, buttons, preserves & etc. To pass
way time we have a game of ball this afternoon. Oct 10 - Morning cool and clouding with indications of rain. Get
an order to leave this place in the morning at six o'clock to go to Maryland Heights near Harper's Ferry. Get four
new recruits from old Suosky today. Oct 12 - There is an alarm of rebels. We on top of a hill and prepare to meet
them. Find they are moving the same way we are and we start again. Encamp near Hyattsville after making 15 miles.
Oct. 20 - Letters from Pittsburgh for our section by Lieut. Atwell of Knapp's Battery. Oct. 23 - Commence cutting
logs to build a hospital. Expect to put up quarters in a few days. Oct. 30 - Get unexpected orders to move at 10
o'clock and going to Bolivar Heights. Cross pontoon bridge at Harpers Ferry. See a government balloon tied down
in a ravine. The view from the heights which we reached late in the afternoon is magnificent. One of the most
desolate sights I ever saw is a large deserted camp here. Nov. 8 - Twenty men are detailed from each of three
batteries on these heights (Hamptons, Knapps & McGilvery) to clear off all the stumps to work daily till all are
removed. Nov. 9 - We are waked this morning at 2 o'clock and am told to harness up and draw two days rations as
two sections of our battery and the same of two others are giving out on a reconnaissance for a couple of days.
Start at 3 o'clock chase in Rachel Pickets two miles from here. Reach Charleston at 9 o'clock take a number of the
citizens into custody. Continue the reconnaissance twelve miles and then rations. Scenes both amusing and
revolting all along the road. Reach camp after dark. Cold. Nov. 12 - There is a murmur in camp that we are to join
Gen. Bank's naval expedition to Texas. Dec. 2 - We start with a division on a reconnaissance to Winchester expect
to be away five days. Pass through Charlestown. Knapp's battery dispenses a squad of rebel cavalry who were
charging on them. Dec. 28 - About 10 o'clock ordered forward at a double quick. The No. 1 guard of our section
and a guard of Knapp's Battery Shell a piece of wood where some rebel cavalry and supposed to be concealed,
result not known. Gen. Slocum with us all day. Dec. 29 - A church near the road side set on fire by some straggling
soldiers. The wretches! Jan. 19, 1863 - Harness up at daylight for the march but do not start till 11 o'clock.
Departing of sick and discharged men start in the direction of Dumfries over an old road which seemed as if it had
not been traveled for years. By short moves and long stops we make but a few miles and go into camp early.
|Sleuthing Leads To Finding Site Of Gettysburg's Hampton Battery Rock
Hampton's Independent Battery F was recruited in Pittsburgh, Pa., in October 1861
and assigned with the Department of the Upper Potomac under General Nathan P. Banks.
After facing Stonewall Jackson's troops on Dec. 18 that year,
they were in the Valley Campaign and Second Bull Run
under the command of General John Pope.
The Battery was at Antietam, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, where it lost its Captain, Robert Hampton. At
Gettysburg, as part of the Second Army Corps, the battery held two main positions. The first was at the Peach
Orchard where it fought for a long time before being forced back to a new position along Cemetery Ridge. Battery
member Pvt. Casper R. Carlisle received a Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions at Gettysburg.
On Sept. 11, 1889, veterans of Hampton's Battery dedicated their monument on Cemetery Ridge. Thirty-three
veterans posed for pictures at their new monument and a natural monument-a rock located in the rear of their
The rock is a distinctive formation appearing to be a boulder on top of a boulder. During the battle, the men of
Hampton's Battery laid their wounded behind the rock for protective cover. After the battle the rock would forever
be known by the veterans as "Hampton's Battery Rock."
Photographs from reunions in the 1880s featured the rock. Copies were sent to members of veterans' organizations.
A photograph showing the rock was included in the regimental history. The background in 1889 showed open
ground strewn with boulders.
Its specific location was never identified.
On a battlefield such as Gettysburg where natural rock formations play such an important role in identifying with
the drama that unfolded there, the monument dedicated with the blood of Hampton's Battery laid forgotten
somewhere in the battlefield. It was a lost opportunity for visitors to the battlefield to get a feeling for the battle on
that part of the field. With this in mind we set out to locate the Hampton's Battery Rock, if it still existed.
Taking the original picture and attempting to locate the exact position on the field was the first step. Positions at
the Peach Orchard and Cemetery Ridge had to be examined. The farm in the background of the photograph could
not be readily identified.
After some time it was determined that the farmhouse and barn were those of the Hummelbaugh family. The
direction from which the photo was taken is now grown up with trees and brush. Also, the National Park Service
maintenance building and equipment storage lot are located in the area.
We imagined that the battery rock had been destroyed. Furthermore, the large Pennsylvania Memorial was built
directly behind the Hampton's Battery Rock which might have been removed during construction. With high hopes
we searched through the woods between the park maintenance building and the Pennsylvania Memorial.
After fighting our way through thick brush and vines our hard work paid off. There stood the monument as it
appeared to the men who gave their last full measure in July 1863. The rock stood in the midst of trees, vines and
thick underbrush, but its distinctive characteristics were clearly evident.
The next step was to present our findings to the National Park Service, to try and convince those in authority that
this location should be cleared and the rock uncovered and identified for battlefield visitors.
Will Hoffman and Tim Bennett visit Hampton's Battery Rock
which they located in underbrush at Gettysburg Battlefield.
The Park Service has cleared the area so that visitors can once again see the rock.
1889 reunion photo shows veterans of Hampton's Battery
visiting their rock at Gettysburg Battlefield.
On the back of the photo is inscribed, "Behind this rock our dead and wounded were placed."
(Editor's Note: The above account of the search of Timothy L. Bennett and Will Hoffman was submitted by
Bennett. Both Grove City, PA., residents had great-grand fathers in the war. In addition to their reenacting for
more than 20 years Bennett is a founding member of the St. Augustine, Fla. Civil War Round Table and the
Olustee Fla.,Union Memorial Committee. Hoffman is a member of the North-South Skirmish Association and a
Civil War collector.
Source = The Civil War News ~ Civil War General News, Page 42, July 1992 Issue
The rock is a distinctive formation that appears to be a boulder on top of a boulder. Behind the natural monument
is where the wounded were placed by the men of Hampton's Battery to protect them from the ongoing battle. After
the battle the boulders would forever be known by the veterans as "Hampton's Battery Rock". You will find this
formation behind the Pennsylvania State Monument in the now wooded area. The National Park Service has
cleared the area so that visitors can once again see the natural Monument of Hampton's Battery F. Have fun
We owe our thanks to Will Hoffman and Timothy L. Bennett for finding this unique piece of 'History At
|1st Lieutenant Nathaniel Irish was promoted to Captain June 26th, 1863.
At the Battle of Gettysburg, Captain Irish was an Aid to Lieutenant Colonel McGilvery.
In the Spring of 1864 Thompton's ~ Hampton's Batteries were ordered to Camp Barry
Washington D.C. to reorganize. There the Batteries would be separate having recruited
maximum amount of men and equipment.
At this time, Captain Irish would take command of Hampton's Battery F till the end of
the Civil War.
PRIVATE CASPER CARLISLE
RECIPIENT OF THE
MEDAL OF HONOR
With only two wheel horses harnessed to his limber, one mortally wounded, and with Captain James
Thompson, the Battery Commander, tugging on his bridle, Private Carlisle pulled his rifled cannon away
from the Wheatfield Road in the Peach Orchard, and certain capture. Fired on from three sides, Carlisle
and Captain Thompson nursed the dying horse along, north past Bigalow's 9th Massachusetts Battery as it
prolonged back toward the Trostle Farm. Carlisle reached the Trostle gate at the lane where the wounded
horse drop dead. Aided by another caisson driver, Carlisle hitched two replacement horses to his limber
and pulled his gun east over Plum Run and into McGilvery's new artillery line.
ALLEGHENY COUNTY, PA.
CARLISLE, CASPER R. - Born 1841 in Bakerstown, Richland Twp., Private, Company F, Independent
Pennsylvania Light Artillery (Hampton's Battery, so named for Capt. Robert B. Hampton, killed at
Chancellorsville, Va. on May 3, 1863) Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Citation given: 21 December 1892.
Saved a 10 pound, 3 inch cannon of his battery under heavy musketry fire, most of the horses being killed
and the drivers wounded. He and a comrade managed to get the gun to the safety of the Trostle Farm Barn.
The medal was requested by several of Carlisle's comrades at their 1888 reunion, and this effort was
supported by the official report of his Commanding Officer, Captain James Thompson. Casper Carlisle was
a member of the Lt. James Lysle GAR Post 128 at 128 Federal Street on Pittsburgh's North Side, and he
died on April 29, 1908, at the age of 67. Carlisle is buried in the Mt. Lebanon Cemetery in Section 317; in
1991, Joe Pulgini and Wes Slusher (Co-authors of "Allegheny County Medal of Honor Recipients")
obtained a suitable headstone for the site. A monument to his artillery company, dedicated on May 29,
1871, still stands on Cedar Avenue on the North Side of Pittsburgh. Carlisle lived in several Pittsburgh
locations, among them on Bedford Avenue, and on Reed and Mercer Streets in the Hill section.
|Hampton's Battery F Monument at the Peach Orchard, Gettysburg Battle Field.
|Sergeant John McClelland uniform.
Mustered in August 12, 1862
Promoted May 2, 1865
Mustered out June 26, 1865
Displayed at Soldiers and Sailors in
|Veterans of Hampton's Battery F
|Behind this rock our dead
and wounded were placed.
|For the Civil War Buffs
Battle of Gettysburg
Did you know ?
|Hampton Battery Survivors
|Click Here For Details
Sold at Auction Dec 7th, 2006 Lot # 403
$23,000 as an "Civil War Guidon" From Hampton's Battery, Independent
Pennsylvania Light Artillery.
I have seen pictures of other Guidons both Artillery and Calvary near the
same condition that survive the Civil War as well.
Captain Robert Brown
Battlefield Monuments of
the Civil War.
|Civil War Album
Peach Orchard without the
Peach Trees ?
|Battle of Gettysburg in Detail
Battles of the Civil War.
Article on Hampton's Rock
|Hampton's and Thompson's Monuments
in the Peach Orchard.
|Private John Slatterly
Articles of Parole
|Hampton's Battery Monument
Located in the East Park on North Side of Pittsburgh.
|C& F Indpt Penna
Artillery Hampton's Battery
This Monument is located in front of the
Pennsylvania Monument, along South Hancock
Located atop of
Report of Brigadier General
Henry J. Hunt, Chief of Artillery.
|Assignments ~ Battles Fought
Hampton's Battery F
|Roster 1861 ~ 1865
Hampton's Battery F
|Battery Equipment Issued
Hampton's Battery F
|A native of Virginia, Robert and his brother Wade, came to Western Pennsylvania as children after their
parents died. The two brothers lived for a number of years with an aunt in Warren County. Robert then
moved to Philadelphia where he found a job selling fruits and vegetables.
He worked there for ten years till he decided to go out West to the Gold Rush. In San Francisco, California
Robert became a law officer who helped tam the California gold fields. He remained in California until
1860 after learning about Col. Henry's oil well in Northwestern Pennsylvania. He came back to the
Pittsburgh area where he decided to try his hand at the oil business. Robert found himself very successful
but put aside his quest for riches and began recruiting a light artillery unit in the summer of 1861.
|History of Hampton Battery F
|History of Hampton Battery F
|Hampton's Battery F
|** Politics **
During the Civil War the original Hampton
Battery F has had it's run in with politics.
Hampton's Battery Incident
|Original Hampton Battery F Civil War Guidon
|Hampton's Battery F
|Will Hoffman and Tim Bennett
Located the rock formation
|Gettysburg, Pa. Batteries C~F
Under the Command of Captain Thompson
|Present Hampton Battery F Civil War Guidon